The Kaveri River and its tributaries have carved a broadly east-west path across the southern Deccan Plateau. The water-system subsequently heads east across the southern India peninsula before discharing via a delta into the Bay of Bengal. This is one of the most important river systems of southern India and a number of dams have been created along its course to provide power and irrigation facilities.
Much of the Kaveri Valley is flat lying with alluvial soils. According to Alpine Wineries (which is the only winery in this wine region), the Kaveri Valley was recognised as a distinct wine appellation by “the Government” in 2012.